List of heads of state of Romania

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Үлгі:Politics and Government of Romania

This is a list of the heads of state of the modern Romanian state, from the establishment of the United Principalities to the present day.

United Principalities (1859–1881)[өңдеу]

House of Cuza (1859–1866)[өңдеу]

Domnitor Reign Claim
Portrait Name
(Born–Died)
Reign start Reign end Duration
1 Alexandru Ioan Cuza - Photo by Carol Popp de Szathmáry.jpg Alexandru Ioan Cuza
(1820–1873)
24 January 1859 22 February 1866
(Abdicated)
Үлгі:age in years and days Previously ruled as Prince of Wallachia and Moldavia
(in a personal union from 1859 until official unification in 1862)

Princely Lieutenancy (1866)[өңдеу]

Үлгі:legend

Regent Reign Claim
Portrait Name
(Born–Died)
Reign start Reign end Duration
Lascarcatargiu.jpg Lascăr Catargiu
(1823–1899)
22 February 1866 20 April 1866 Үлгі:age in years and days Princely Lieutenancy
Nicolae Golescu desen.png General Nicolae Golescu
(1810–1877)
Nicolae Haralmbie.jpg Colonel Nicolae Haralambie
(1835–1908)

House of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen (1866–1881)[өңдеу]

Domnitor Reign Claim
Portrait Name
(Born–Died)
Reign start Reign end Duration
1 Carol I King of Romania.jpg Carol I
(1839–1914)
20 April 1866 15 March 1881 Үлгі:age in years and days 1866 Referendum

Kingdom of Romania (1881–1947)[өңдеу]

House of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen (1881–1947)[өңдеу]

Үлгі:legend Үлгі:legend

King Reign Claim
Portrait Name
(Born–Died)
Reign start Reign end Duration
1 Carol I King of Romania.jpg Carol I
(1839–1914)
15 March 1881 10 October 1914 Үлгі:age in years and days Previously ruled as Domnitor
2 King Ferdinand of Romania.jpg Ferdinand I
(1865–1927)
10 October 1914 20 July 1927 Үлгі:age in years and days Nephew of Carol I
3 Michael I of Romania (1927).jpg Michael I
(1921– )
20 July 1927 8 June 1930
(Deposed)
Үлгі:age in years and days Grandson of Ferdinand I
1903Nicholas-09.jpg Prince Nicholas
(1903–1978)
20 July 1927 8 June 1930
(Deposed)
Үлгі:age in years and days Regency Council
For Michael I
Miron Cristia patriach of Romania.JPG Patriarch Miron Cristea
(1868–1939)
1929 - Gheorghe Buzdugan - Regent.PNG Gheorghe Buzdugan
(1867–1929)
7 October 1929
(Died in Office)
Үлгі:age in years and days
1929 - Constantin Sarateanu - Regent.PNG Constantin Sărăţeanu
(1862–1935)
9 October 1929 8 June 1930 Үлгі:age in years and days
4 King Carol II of Romania young.jpg Carol II
(1893–1953)
8 June 1930 6 September 1940
(Abdicated)
Үлгі:age in years and days Son of Ferdinand I
(3) Mihai.jpg Michael I
(1921– )
6 September 1940 30 December 1947
(Abdicated)
Үлгі:age in years and days Son of Carol II
Ion antonescu.png Marshal Ion Antonescu
(1882–1946)
6 September 1940 23 August 1944
(Deposed)
Үлгі:age in years and days Conducător
With Michael I

Romanian People's Republic/Socialist Republic of Romania (1947–1989)[өңдеу]

Status

Үлгі:legend

Head of State Term of office Duration Political party Position(s)
Portrait Name
(Born–Died)
Election Took office Left office
CI Parhon.jpg Constantin Ion Parhon
(1874–1969)
1947 30 December 1947 13 April 1948 Үлгі:age in years and days Romanian Workers' Party President of the Provisional Presidium of the Republic
1 1948 13 April 1948 12 June 1952 Үлгі:age in years and days President of the Presidium of the Great National Assembly
2 Petru Groza Anefo.jpg Petru Groza
(1884–1958)
1952 12 June 1952 7 January 1958
(Died in Office)
Үлгі:age in years and days Ploughmen's Front (1952–1953)
Independent (1953–1958)
Mihail Sadoveanu (cropped).jpg Mihail Sadoveanu
(1880–1961)
7 January 1958 11 January 1958 Үлгі:age in years and days Romanian Workers' Party Acting Presidents of the Presidium of the Great National Assembly
No image.png Anton Moisescu
(1913–1997)
Romanian Workers' Party
3 Ion Gheorghe Maurer1.jpg Ion Gheorghe Maurer
(1902–2000)
1958 11 January 1958 21 March 1961 Үлгі:age in years and days Romanian Workers' Party President of the Presidium of the Great National Assembly
1 Gheorghe Gheorghiu-Dej1.jpg Gheorghe Gheorghiu-Dej
(1901–1965)
1961 21 March 1961 19 March 1965
(Died in Office)
Үлгі:age in years and days Romanian Workers' Party President of the State Council
Ion Gheorghe Maurer1.jpg Ion Gheorghe Maurer
(1902–2000)
19 March 1965 24 March 1965 Үлгі:age in years and days Romanian Workers' Party Acting Presidents of the State Council
Stefan Voitec1.jpg Ștefan Voitec
(1900–1984)
Romanian Workers' Party
Avram Bunaciu.jpg Avram Bunaciu
(1909–1983)
Romanian Workers' Party
2 Chivu Stoica 1957.jpg Chivu Stoica
(1908–1975)
1965 24 March 1965 9 December 1967
(Resigned)
Үлгі:age in years and days Romanian Workers' Party
renamed in 1965 to
Romanian Communist Party
President of the State Council
3 Nicolae Ceaușescu.jpg Nicolae Ceaușescu
(1918–1989)
1967 9 December 1967 22 December 1989
(Deposed)
Үлгі:age in years and days Romanian Communist Party
1 1974
1980
1985
28 March 1974 Үлгі:age in years and days President of Romania

Romania since 1989[өңдеу]

The Constitution of Romania prohibits the President to be a member of any party while in office. The parties listed below represent the political affiliation before the 1991 Constitution was adopted and the party affiliation of the ad interim Presidents, for whom such a restriction is not explicitly stipulated in the law.

Status

Үлгі:legend

Head of State Term of office Duration Political party Position(s)
Portrait Name
(Born–Died)
Election Took office Left office
style="background:Үлгі:National Salvation Front (Romania)/meta/color; color:white;"|— CFSN Revolution Roumaine.jpg Council of the National Salvation Front[1] 22 December 1989 26 December 1989 Үлгі:age in years and days National Salvation Front Collective Head of State
rowspan=2 style="background:Үлгі:National Salvation Front (Romania)/meta/color; color:white;"|— Ion Iliescu (2004).jpg Ion Iliescu
(1930– )
26 December 1989[2] 6 February 1990 Үлгі:age in years and days National Salvation Front President of Council of the National Salvation Front
1990 6 February 1990 20 June 1990 Үлгі:age in years and days President of the Provisional National Unity Council
style="background:Үлгі:National Salvation Front (Romania)/meta/color; color:white;"|2 1990 20 June 1990 7 April 1992 Үлгі:age in years and days President of Romania
style="background:Үлгі:Democratic National Salvation Front/meta/color; color:white;"|(2) 1992 7 April 1992 11 October 1992 Үлгі:age in years and days Democratic National Salvation Front
style="background:Үлгі:Romanian politics/party colours; color:black;"|(2) 11 October 1992 29 November 1996 Үлгі:age in years and days Independent
style="background:Үлгі:Romanian politics/party colours; color:black;"|3 Emil Constantinescu.jpg Emil Constantinescu
(1939– )
1996 29 November 1996 20 December 2000 Үлгі:age in years and days Independent
style="background:Үлгі:Romanian politics/party colours; color:black;"|(2) Ion Iliescu (2004).jpg Ion Iliescu
(1930– )
2000 20 December 2000 20 December 2004 Үлгі:age in years and days Independent
style="background:Үлгі:Romanian politics/party colours; color:black;"|4 Conventia PD-L 2013 - Traian Basescu (3).jpg Traian Băsescu
(1951– )
2004 20 December 2004 20 April 2007
(Suspended)
Үлгі:age in years and days Independent
style="background:Үлгі:Romanian politics/party colours; color:white;"|— Nicolae Văcăroiu.jpg Nicolae Văcăroiu
(1943– )
20 April 2007 23 May 2007 Үлгі:age in years and days Social Democratic Party ad interim President of Romania
(as President of the Senate)
style="background:Үлгі:Romanian politics/party colours; color:black;"|(4) Conventia PD-L 2013 - Traian Basescu (3).jpg Traian Băsescu
(1951– )
2009 23 May 2007
(Reinstated)
10 July 2012
(Suspended)
Үлгі:age in years and days Independent President of Romania
style="background:Үлгі:Romanian politics/party colours; color:black;"|— Crin Antonescu.jpg Crin Antonescu
(1959– )
10 July 2012 27 August 2012 Үлгі:age in years and days National Liberal Party ad interim President of Romania
(as President of the Senate)
style="background:Үлгі:Romanian politics/party colours; color:black;"|(4) Conventia PD-L 2013 - Traian Basescu (3).jpg Traian Băsescu
(1951– )
27 August 2012
(Reinstated)
21 December 2014 Үлгі:age in years and days Independent President of Romania
style="background:Үлгі:Romanian politics/party colours; color:black;"|5 Klaus Iohannis Senate of Poland 2015 02 (cropped 2).JPG Klaus Iohannis
(1959– )
2014 21 December 2014 Incumbent Үлгі:age in years and days Independent

Living former heads of state[өңдеу]

There are three living former Romanian Presidents and one living former King of the Romanians:

Timeline[өңдеу]

Klaus IohannisCrin AntonescuNicolae VăcăroiuTraian BăsescuIon IliescuEmil ConstantinescuIon IliescuNicolae CeauşescuNicolae CeauşescuChivu StoicaGheorghe Gheorghiu-DejIon Gheorghe MaurerPetru GrozaConstantin Ion ParhonMihai I of RomaniaCarol II of RomaniaMihai I of RomaniaFerdinand I of RomaniaCarol I of RomaniaCarol I of RomaniaAlexandru Ioan Cuza

Үлгі:further

Үлгі:further

See also[өңдеу]

Footnotes and references[өңдеу]

Үлгі:reflist

  • Bulei, Ion, O istorie a românilor, Editura Meronia, Bucureşti, 2007, pg. 266-267

External links[өңдеу]

Үлгі:Heads of State of Romania